Volume 23, Issue 3 (Autumn 2017)                   Back to this Issue | Back to browse issues page

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Ghanei Gheshlagh R, Nazari M, Baghi V, Dalvand S, Dalvandi A, Sayehmiri K. Underreporting of needlestick injuries among healthcare providers in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis . Journal of Hayat 2017; 23 (3) :201-213
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1941-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Dept. of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran; Member of Clinical Care Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2- MSc. in Nursing, Akhtar Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- B.Sc in Midwifery, Be'sat Hospital, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
4- Health Promotion Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Associate Professor, Dept. of Nursing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6- Associate Professor, Dept. of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran; Member of Prevention of Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran , Sayehmiri@razi.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (7254 Views)
Background & Aim: Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are a serious occupational hazard for health care providers and nurses that are often not reported for various reasons. Several studies have reported a different rate of this great challenge. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the prevalence of under-reporting of NSIs in healthcare providers in Iran.
Methods & Materials: By searching national and international databases including SID, Magiran, Google Scholar, IranMedex, Science Direct, PubMed and Scopus, 19 published articles were extracted. Data analysis was carried out through the random-effects model, and heterogeneity was investigated by I2 index. The data were analyzed using the Stata software version 12.0.
Results: The rate of non-reporting of NSIs in 19 relevant articles in Iran with the sample size of 9274 was 59% (95% CI: 49-69). The rate of under-reporting of NSIs in the healthcare providers (64%) was higher than in nurses (55%). Based on the meta-regression results, there was no significant relationship between the prevalence of under-reporting of NSIs and the year of publication (P=0.138), sample size (P=0.390) and age (P=0.918).
Conclusion: The results of the study showed that more than half of health care providers did not report NSIs. Notifying health care providers about the risks of NSIs and properly dealing with the injured cases is necessary in order to increase the reporting of NSIs.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing Care
Published: 2017/09/25 | ePublished: 2017/09/25

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