Volume 28, Issue 1 (4-2022)                   Back to this Issue | Back to browse issues page

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Maleki A, Ashtari M, Molaie P. Factors predicting adherence to COVID-19 health protocols among pregnant women after the second wave of the disease in Zanjan province, 2020. Journal of Hayat 2022; 28 (1) :1-13
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-4406-en.html
1- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran , malekia@zums.ac.ir
2- Vice Chancellor for Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
Abstract:   (1111 Views)
Background & Aim: Compliance with health behaviors during pregnancy plays an important role in the health of mothers and their neonates. The aim of the study was to determine factors predicting adherence to COVID-19 health protocols among pregnant women in Zanjan province in 2020.
Methods & Materials: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted on 2336 pregnant women referred to comprehensive health centers in Zanjan province in 2020. The samples were selected by the multi-stage sampling method. Data were collected by telephone using a researcher-designed questionnaire on health practices and overall perception of COVID-19 disease. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression model were used at the confidence level of 95% through the SPSS software version 16.
Results: Most women were in the second trimester of pregnancy and living in the urban areas. Considering the median score as a cutting point, the participants’ adherence level was 46.5% over the median score and at a desirable level. The handwashing adherence was 84.7% and mask use was 76.6%. Location, age, education, occupation, household income, and family history of COVID-19 disease were the most important predictors of compliance with COVID-19 health protocols (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Adherence to health protocols was at a relatively desirable level in almost half of the participants. It is suggested that education and support programs be designed and implemented for young and low-income groups living in rural areas.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Midwifery Care
Published: 2022/06/19 | ePublished: 2022/06/19

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