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Zolfaghari M, Arbabi M, Pedram Razi S, Biat K, Bavi A. Effectiveness of a Multifactor Educational Intervention on Delirium Incidence and Length of Stay in Patients with Cardiac Surgery. Journal of Hayat 2012; 18 (1) :67-78
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-39-en.html
1- Dept. of Intensive Care Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Dept. of Medical and Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- MSc. in Nursing
5- General Practitionarei
Abstract:   (11715 Views)

Background & Aim: Delirium is a common problem among patients with open heart surgery admitted to intensive care units. This study aimed to assess effectiveness of a multifactor intervention on delirium prevention and length of stay in patients with open heart surgery.

Methods & Materials: In this semi-experimental study, we first recruited 195 patients. Among them, 15 patients were excluded during the study due to different reasons. The participants were divided into to study groups. The implemented intervention included staff education, environment changes, and installation of guideline reminding on ward. Patients were assessed for delirium twice a day using the CAM-ICU scale. Demographic characteristics as well as disease and sleep items were completed by the researchers a day before surgery. Moreover, length of stay was recorded by the researchers. Data were analyzed using Pearson Chi-Square, Independent Samples, and the Fisher&aposs Exact Test.

Results: A significant decrease was found in the incidence of delirium in the intervention group: 11.1% Vs 35.6% (P<0.05). Average length of stay in the control and intervention groups was 6.23 Vs 6.30 days, respectively. Length of stay among patients with delirium and patients without delirium was 7.5 Vs 5.8 days, respectively. Patients with delirium were aged 55 and more in both groups.

Conclusion: Multifactor intervention was effective in decreasing the prevalence of delirium. Educational interventions are recommended to improve staffs&apos knowledge and environment changes.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing Care
Published: 2013/08/20 | ePublished: 2013/08/20

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