Volume 25, Issue 2 (7-2019)                   Back to this Issue | Back to browse issues page

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Aghakhani N, Hazrati Marangaloo A, Vahabzadeh D, Tayyar F. The effect of Roy’s adaptation model-based care plan on the severity of depression, anxiety and stress in hospitalized patients with colorectal cancer . Hayat. 2019; 25 (2) :208-219
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-3035-en.html
1- Dept. of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran; Patient Safety Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2- Dept. of Anesthesia and Operating Room Technology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
3- Dept. of Nutrition and Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
4- Student Research Committee, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran , tayyarfaraz1995@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2363 Views)
Background & Aim: Diagnosis of cancer can cause emotional problems such as stress, anxiety, depression and incompatibility with the disease in the patient and his/her family, leading to adverse consequences in the improvement process and an increase in the complications of the disease. Considering the importance of this topic, the study was conducted to investigate the effect of Roy’s adaptation model-based care plan on the severity of depression, anxiety and stress in patients with colorectal cancer hospitalized in the treatment and educational centers of Urmia.
Methods & Materials: In this randomized clinical trial study, 36 patients with colorectal cancer (at the third or fourth stage of disease) hospitalized in the treatment and educational centers of Urmia were selected by a convenience sampling and were assigned to the intervention group or control group in 2016. Data collection tools were a form for assessing the Roy’s adaptation model and the depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS-21). The Roy’s adaptation model-based care plan was administered to the intervention group. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS software version 18 and t test and Chi-square test.
Results: The study results showed before the intervention, the mean scores of depression, anxiety and stress were 12.7±4.5, 13.9±4.8, 16.4±4.7 for the control group and were 15.7±4.5, 13.0±4.6, 12.6±4.2 for the intervention group, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). However, after the intervention, the mean scores of the studied variables increased in the control group (13.7±4.8, 13.93±4.9, 17.16±4.4) and decreased in the intervention group (10.46±3.1, 11.00±3.4, 13.8±5.2). There was a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Due to the severity of depression, anxiety, and stress among cancer patients, more cost-effective and non-pharmacological methods such as the Roy’s adaptation model, can be useful to control these complications and create a less stressful environment for these patients.
Clinical trial registry: IRCT20160220026662N5
 
Full-Text [PDF 220 kb]   (586 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing Care
Published: 2019/09/29 | ePublished: 2019/09/29

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