Volume 23, Issue 4 (winter 2018)                   Back to this Issue | Back to browse issues page

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Eshaghi M, Falah R, Emamgholi Khooshehchin T, Hasani J. The effect of stress management group counseling on the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome . Hayat. 2018; 23 (4) :358-371
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-2129-en.html
1- Dept. of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
2- Dept. of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
3- Dept. of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran , t_khooshehchin@yahoo.com
4- Dept. of Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology and Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (742 Views)
Background & Aim: The premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a set of physical and psychological symptoms that occurs periodically and affects women’s social and individual functionings. This study aimed to investigate the effect of stress management group counseling on the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.
Methods & Materials: This semi-experimental study (IRCT2016052127994N1) was conducted on 44 students with PMS (22 in the intervention group and 22 in the control group) from Zanjan University of Medical Sciences in 2016. Data were collected using a demographic characteristics form and premenstrual symptoms screening test (PSST). Descriptive and inferential statistics including independent t-test, Chi-square, ANCOVA and repeated measurement test were used for data analysis via the SPSS software version 21.
Results: Before treatment, the mean scores of mood-behavioral symptoms, physical symptoms and the impact of symptoms on life had not any significant differences between the two groups. At the first month after treatment, mood-behavioral symptoms (P<0.001) and the impact of symptoms on life (P=0.007) were different between the two groups. Two months after the intervention, the mean scores of mood-behavioral symptoms in the intervention group (53.2±4.84) were significantly different from those in the control group (70.2±4.81). There was a significant difference in the mean score of physical symptoms between the intervention group (36.7±5.87) and control group (64.9±7.84). Also, the mean score of the impact of symptoms on life had a significant difference between the intervention group (36±4.73) and control group (58.3±2.73) (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Stress management group counseling is effective in reducing the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, and it can be used as a non-pharmacological method with no side effects.
 
Full-Text [PDF 176 kb]   (455 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Midwifery Care
Published: 2018/03/3 | ePublished: 2018/03/3

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