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Hasani L, Aghamolaei T, Tavafian S, Zare S. Constructs of the Health Belief Model as Predicting Factors in Breast Self-Examination . Journal of Hayat 2011; 17 (1) :62-69
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-72-en.html
1- MSc. Dept. of Public Health, School of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Dept. of Public Health, School of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
3- Assistant Proeassor, Dept. of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modaress University, Tehran, Iran
4- Associate Professor, Dept. of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Abstract:   (10974 Views)

Background & Aim: Early diagnosis of breast lumps through breast self-examination (BSE) is important for early detection of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors predict the BSE behavior using Health Belief Model constructs in women referred to health centers in Bandar abbas, Iran.

Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, 240 eligible women were randomly selected from eight health centers. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire including demographic characteristics and Champion&aposs Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS). The CHBMS measures the HBM concepts of susceptibility (3 items), seriousness (6 items), benefits (4 items), barriers (8 items) and self-efficacy (10 items). All items were ranged in a Likert scale ranging from ‘‘strongly disagree (score: one)&apos&apos to ‘‘strongly agree (score: five)&apos&apos.

Results: A total of 240 women took part in the study. The mean age of participants was 37.2 (SD=6.1). Of all, 32.5% had high school education and 95.8% were married. The results showed that 31.7% of the women had performed the BSE however, only 7.1% had performed it regularly. Perceived BSE benefits, perceived BSE barriers and perceived BSE self-efficacy of the participants who performed the BSE were significantly higher than those who did not (P<0.03). The results from regression analysis indicated that the perceived BSE self-efficacy and perceived BSE barriers predicted breast self-examination behavior (P<0.001).

Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated that perceived BSE barriers and perceived BSE self-efficacy were influencing factors in predicting the BSE behavior. Therefore, in order to improve self-efficacy and decrease the barriers, BSE training programs are strongly recommended.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing Care
Published: 2013/08/19 | ePublished: 2013/08/19

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