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Attarian S, Feyzi Z, Jamali J, Firoozi M. The effect of individual counseling based on the Fogg model on the motivation and fear of natural childbirth in women with previous cesarean section. Journal of Hayat 2022; 28 (3) :259-271
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-4605-en.html
1- Dept. of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran; Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2- Psychiatric and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3- Dept. of Statistics, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4- Dept. of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran , firoozim@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (367 Views)
Background & Aim: Fear of childbirth is one of the reasons for choosing cesarean section. Given the consequences of repeated cesarean section, interventions that control the fear of childbirth are important in mother's decision for the mode of birth. The aim of the study is to assess the effect of individual counseling based on the Fogg model on the motivation and the fear of natural childbirth in women with previous cesarean section.
Methods & Materials: In this clinical trial, 62 pregnant women with a previous cesarean section, referred to Mashhad Comprehensive Health Centers in 2020, were randomly assigned into intervention or control groups. In the intervention group, individual counseling based on the Fogg model was provided in two face-to-face 45-60 minute sessions biweekly and one non-face-to-face session on the Telegram channel at 28-30 weeks of pregnancy. Data was collected by a demographic form, the motivation questionnaire, and the Wijma expectation/ experience questionnaire at the beginning and two weeks after the intervention. Data analysis was performed using statistical tests by the SPSS software version 25 at a significance level of 0.05.
Results: The mean difference of the fear of childbirth score before and after the intervention was 15.84±20.07 for the intervention group and 6.06±23.28 for the control group. Counseling with the fog approach has significantly changed the fear of childbirth score in the intervention group compared to the control group (P<0.001), but the changes in motivation were not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Counseling with the Fogg approach reduced the fear of childbirth score. It is recommended to use this counseling method to reduce the fear of childbirth, and to use strategies to increase the motivation for natural childbirth after cesarean section.
Clinical trial registry: IRCT20200105046014N1

 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Midwifery Care
Published: 2022/12/13 | ePublished: 2022/12/13

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