Volume 19, Issue 3 (12-2013)                   Back to this Issue | Back to browse issues page

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Mirzaei M, Khatony A, Safari Faramani R, Sepahvand E. Prevalence, Types of Medication errors and Barriers to Reporting Errors by Nurses in an Educational Hospital in Kermanshah. Hayat. 2013; 19 (3) :28-37
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-613-en.html
1- MSc. Student in Nursing, Student Research Committee of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2- Dept. of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences; Student Research Committee of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran , Akhatony@kums.ac.ir
3- Ph.D Student in Epidemiology, Dept. of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Abstract:   (13888 Views)

  Background & Aim: The most common types of medical errors are medication errors. Medication errors can cause serious health problems and should be considered a threat to patients' safety. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and types of medication errors and barriers to reporting errors by nurses in an educational hospital in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2012 .

  Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, 96 nurses working in an educational hospital were randomly selected to the study. Review of medication errors and reporting them over the last three months were assessed using a valid and reliable questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the SPSS-20. 

  Results: The prevalence of medication errors was 79.2%. The most common errors included giving oral drugs by mistake (53.1%) and medication later or earlier than the stipulated time (41.7%), respectively. Reporting the medication errors was 14%. Among the barriers to reporting the errors, barriers related to administrative issues were more highlighted than the staff relating barriers.

  Conclusion: The results showed high prevalence of medication errors and low rates of error reporting. Holding periodic courses on safe medication and using management strategies to encourage nurses to report errors are recommended.


Full-Text [PDF 216 kb]   (2736 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing Care
Published: 2014/01/13 | ePublished: 2014/01/13

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