Volume 18, Number 2 (6 2012)                   Back to this Issue | Back to browse issues page


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Bastani F, Ghasemi E, Negarandeh R, Haghani H. General Self-Efficacy among Family's Female Caregiver of Elderly with Alzheimer's disease . Hayat. 2012; 18 (2) :27-37
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-28-en.html

Abstract:   (5550 Views)

Background & Aim: Caregivers of elderly with Alzheimer&aposs disease, particularly females, encounter challenges. Their different roles in giving care to the patients could result in physical and mental disorders. The self-efficacy seems to be an essential factor in empowering individuals coping with stressful situations and challenging tasks. The aim of this study was to investigate general self-efficacy among women as family caregivers of elderly with Alzheimer&aposs disease.

Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 112 women reffered to the Iran Alzheimer Association, Tehran were selected through convenience sampling method. The General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE-10) was used to collect data. Data were entered into the SPSS-16 and then processed using descriptive statistics and independent t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe.

Results: The mean score of the general self-efficacy was 28.24±6.34 indicating that considerable percentage of the participants had unsatisfactory level of self-efficacy (65.2%). In addition, there were significant relationships between the women&aposs general self-efficacy with educational and economic statuses (P<0.05). There were no significant relationships between general self-efficacy with age, marital status, occupational status and duration of caring.

Conclusion: According to the findings, a considerable percentage of the participants had unsatisfactory level of self-efficacy. Therefore, it is essential to promote the caregivers self-efficacy in order to give them the ability of better adaptation with the life&aposs challenges. In particular, the self-efficacy promotive programs should be implemented among caregivers with lower educational and economic status.

 

Full-Text [PDF 198 kb]   (1380 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing Care
Published: 2013/08/20 | ePublished: 2013/08/20

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