Volume 9, Number 4 and 3 (1 2004)                   Back to this Issue | Back to browse issues page


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Jolaee S, Mehrdad N, Bahrani N, Mohamadzadeh S. A comparative study on pain caused by standard and Z–track method for I.M injection. Hayat. 2004; 9 (4 and 3) :8-15
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-279-en.html

Abstract:   (4795 Views)

Introduction: Pain caused by some therapeutic and nursing procedures has been a major concern of health care providers. Injection pain is a common complaint of patients. Materials and

Methods: This quasi-experimental investigation was conducted to compare the pain intensity caused by standard, and Z-Track method for intramascullar (I.M) injection. The samples were 100 female nursing student volunteers that were selected by convenience sampling. Each sample was injected two times blindly: first by standard and then by Z-Track method, with 24 hours interval. None of them knew the method of injection for each time. The injection solution was 1 ml sodium chloride. Pain intensity was measured by a numerical pain assessment scale and pain experienced by every body was compared with herself.

Results: The results showed that the pain associated with IM injection was significantly decreased when Z-Track method was used.

Conclusion: The researcher can join to other authors stating that Z-Track can be the technique of choice for all I.M injections.

Full-Text [PDF 304 kb]   (1274 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing Care
Published: 2013/08/7 | ePublished: 2013/08/7

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