Volume 21, Number 4 (3-2016)                   Back to this Issue | Back to browse issues page


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Sabaghi S, Nourian M, Fallahi M, Nasiri M. Relationships between the duration of mechanical ventilation and its related factors in infants with respiratory distress syndrome in NICU. Hayat. 2016; 21 (4) :93-102
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1299-en.html

1- MSc. in Nursing MSc. in Nursing
2- Dept. of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Ph.D Student in Nursing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran Dept. of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Ph.D Student in Nursing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran , manighea@yahoo.com
3- Neonatal Health Research Center (NHRC), Dept. of Neonatal, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Neonatal Health Research Center (NHRC), Dept. of Neonatal, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Dept. of Biostatistics, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Dept. of Biostatistics, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Abstract:   (3531 Views)

Background & Aim: Although mechanical ventilation is a life-saving intervention for many infants with respiratory distress syndrome, it carries potential complications. One of these complications is prolonged duration of mechanical ventilation. More than 15 days of mechanical ventilation is associated with increased risk of cerebral palsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among extremely low birth weight infants. The current study aimed to determine the relationships between the length of mechanical ventilation and its related factors in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome.

Methods & Materials: In this analytical study, a convenience sample of 60 premature infants of 33 weeks’ gestation or less with respiratory distress syndrome was recruited from three hospitals (Mahdieh, Mofid, and Imam Hossein) affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in 2014-2015. Then, factors related to the length of mechanical ventilation such as sex, type of birth, birth weight, gestational age, Apgar score at the first minute, Apgar score at the fifth minute were assessed. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, independent t-test, and multiple regression analysis on SPSS software v.20.

Results: The mean gestational age was 30.62±1.8 weeks and the mean weight of infants was 1510.33±390.940 grams. The mean length of mechanical ventilation was 3.58±2.97 days. There  were not any correlations between sex, type of birth and the length of mechanical ventilation (P>0.05). Gestational age and weight were significantly correlated to the length of mechanical ventilation (P<0.001). But in adjusted analysis using multiple regression, only gestational age remained a significant factor related to the length of mechanical ventilation (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The results of the current study revealed that among the studied factors, only gestational age was a factor affecting the length of mechanical ventilation.

Full-Text [PDF 190 kb]   (937 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing Care
Published: 2016/03/14 | ePublished: 2016/03/14

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