Volume 21, Number 4 (3-2016)                   Back to this Issue | Back to browse issues page


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Tahmasebi R, Hosseini F, Noroozi A. The effect of education based on the health belief model on women’s practice about Pap smear test. Hayat. 2016; 21 (4) :80-92
URL: http://hayat.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1291-en.html

1- The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, Dept. of Biostatistics, School of Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, Dept. of Biostatistics, School of Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr
2- Student Research Committee, MSc. in Health Education, School of Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran Student Research Committee, MSc. in Health Education, School of Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr
3- Dept. of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran Dept. of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr , azitanoroozi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3160 Views)

Background & Aim: Pap smear test is an effective screening method for early detection of cervical cancer. This study aimed to determine the effect of education based on the health belief model on women’s belief and practice regarding Pap smear test.

Methods & Materials: In this quasi experimental study, 100 married women under coverage of Bushehr health centers participated in the study in 2014-2015. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire consisted of demographic information, the questions concerning knowledge and the HBM constructs regarding Pap smear. The training program was performed in two group sessions. Three months after the intervention, women’s practice about Pap smear test was evaluated in both groups. After data collection, data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, repeated measure analysis of variance, independent t-test and Chi square on SPSS software v.20.

Results: Before the study, both groups had not any significant differences in all variables and constructs. After the intervention, the mean scores of knowledge (P<0.001), perceived seriousness (P=0.015) and perceived barriers (P<0.001) were significantly different between two groups. Three months after the intervention, 42 (85.7%) in the intervention group and 4 (8.2%) in the control group had performed Pap smear test (P<0.001).

Conclusion: Designing and implementing educational program based on health belief model can promote women’s awareness and reduce their perceived barriers and as well as enhance their practice regarding Pap smear test.

Full-Text [PDF 238 kb]   (1015 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing Care
Published: 2016/03/8 | ePublished: 2016/03/8

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